Reliability of the Mini-Mental State Examination in Tracking Cognitive Aging: A 10-Year Longitudinal Study
The paper focuses on the reliability of the Chinese version of the Mini-Mental State Examination (CMMSE) as a tool for studying cognitive aging. Cognitive aging refers to the natural process of mental decline that occurs as people get older, which can affect memory, learning, attention, and decision-making abilities. The CMMSE is a widely used test that measures cognitive function, or how well the brain accomplishes tasks that involve thinking and learning.
The researchers used a method called confirmatory factor analyses to examine the factor structure and longitudinal equivalence of the CMMSE. They analyzed four CMMSE measurements from over 13,000 participants in the China Longitudinal Health and Longevity Study between 2008 and 2018. The results showed that the factor structure, factor loadings, intercept error variance, and latent factor means of the CMMSE were consistent across the four measurements.
This consistency indicates that changes in CMMSE scores over time can be attributed to real changes in cognitive function, rather than variations in the test itself. Therefore, the paper concludes that the CMMSE is a reliable tool for studying cognitive aging, as it accurately reflects changes in cognitive function over time.