Association between sleep and multimorbidity in Chinese elderly: Results from the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (CLHLS)
Journal: Sleep Med
Yawen Lin et al
Objective: Abnormal sleep duration and poor sleep quality were associated with multiple diseases. However, the association between sleep behavior (including sleep duration and quality) and multimorbidity among the elderly remains unclear. Thus, our study aimed to explore this association in the Chinese elderly.
Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study using data from the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (2014 wave). Nineteen chronic diseases were used to measure multimorbidity. Self-reported nighttime sleep duration and sleep quality were used as exposures. Multivariate logistic regression analysis and stratification were used to explore the association between sleep behavior and multimorbidity in different groups. Restrictive cubic splines were used to examine the exposure-response relationship.
Results: Compared with those with nighttime sleep duration between 7 and 9 h, participants with shorter (<7 h) and longer (>9 h) sleep duration had a higher prevalence of multimorbidity (odds ratio [OR], 95% confidence interval [CI] were 1.38, 1.18-1.61 and 1.30, 1.09-1.56 respectively). Besides, poor sleep quality (OR = 2.25, 95% CI:1.82-2.72) and moderate sleep quality (OR = 1.35, 95% CI:1.16-1.58) were positively associated with multimorbidity.
Conclusions: Although the role of sleep behavior in multimorbidity has not been fully understood, this study highlighted the importance of normal nighttime sleep duration and good sleep quality in preventing multimorbidity.