The Impact of Diet on Liver Health in Postmenopausal Women: A Closer Look at Insulin and Inflammation
The food we eat can have a significant impact on our health. This research delves into how diets that cause high insulin levels (insulinemic diets) and inflammation can affect the liver health of postmenopausal women. The study used two dietary indices, the empirical dietary index for hyperinsulinemia (EDIH) and the empirical dietary inflammation pattern (EDIP), to estimate the insulinemic and inflammatory potential of the participants' diets.
The study found that diets with high EDIH and EDIP scores were associated with an increased risk of liver cancer and chronic liver disease (CLD) mortality. This means that diets that cause high insulin levels or inflammation could potentially lead to serious liver conditions. The results remained consistent even after adjusting for factors like age, diabetes, and body mass index. The study also found that certain foods like refined grains, processed meat, sugary beverages, and eggs were associated with higher risk, while coffee and poultry were associated with lower risk.